Chapter 9 - The Technology of Digital Information: The World Wide Web of Human Interaction


Alfred, Randy, 2008, Nov. 4, 1952: Univac gets election right, but CBS balks. This Day in Tech,, Nov. 4, 2008. Available at: Accessed 6/12/14.


Anderson, Stephen R., 2010, How many languages are there in the world? Linguistic Society of America Brochure Series: Frequently Asked Questions.


Berlin, Leslie, The Man Behind the Microchip: Robert Noyce and the Invention of Silicon Valley. New York: Oxford University Press, 2005.


Ceruzzi, Paul, Computing: A Concise History. Cambridge: MIT Press, 2012.


Clayton, Brian, 2011, The incredible shrinking computer: Innovative technology, less hardware. Peer to Peer 27(4):32-35.


Collier, Bruce and James MacLachlan, Charles Babbage: And the Engines of Perfection. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1998.


Collier, Paul, 2013, Exodus: Immigration and Multiculturalism in the 21st Century. London: Allen Lane.


Computer History Museum, 2008, A Brief History. The Babbage Engine. Available at: Accessed 6/12/14.


Cutress, Ian, 2014, Intel readying 15-core Xeon E7 v2., February 11, 2014. Available at: Accessed 6/24/14.


Ecola, Lisa and Martin Wachs, 2012, Exploring the Relationship between Travel Demand and Economic Growth. Washington: Federal Highway Administration. Available at: Accessed 6/24/14.


Fildes, Jonathan, 2010, Campaign builds to construct Babbage Analytical Engine. BBC News, October 14, 2010. Available at: Accessed 6/12/2014.


Graham-Cumming, John, 2010, Let's build Babbage's ultimate mechanical computer. New Scientist 2791, 23 December 2010. Available at: Accessed 6/12/14.


Gullapalli, Sravani and Michael Wong, 2011, Nanotechnology: A Guide to nano-objects. Chemical Engineering Progress 107(5):28–32.


Hilbert, Martin and Priscila López, 2011, The world’s technological capacity to store, communicate, and compute information. Science 332(6025):60–65.


Hultsman, John, and William Harper, 2004, The problem of leisure reconsidered. Journal of American Culture 16(1):47–54.


International Technology Roadmap for Semiconductors, 2010, Overall technology roadmap characteristics. 2010 Update. Available at: Accessed 6/17/14.


Lewis, M. Paul, Gary F. Simons, and Charles D. Fennig, eds., 2014. Ethnologue: Languages of the World, Seventeenth edition. Dallas: SIL International. Available at: Accessed 6/24/14.


Mastny, Lisa, 2001, Traveling light: New paths for international tourism. Worldwatch Paper 159, December 2001.


Moore, Gordon E., 1965, Cramming more components onto integrated circuits. Electronics 38(8):114-117. Reprinted in 1998 as Moore, Gordon E., 1998, Cramming more components onto integrated circuits. Proceedings of the IEEE 86(1):82-85. Available at:

Accessed 6/17/14.


Peterson, Ivars, 1983, The incredible shrinking computer. Science News 123(24):378-380.


Pirzada, Syed M., 2014, Ivy Bridge-EX Arrives—Intel Xeon E7 v2 Released with 20 New SKU Lineup., Feb. 19, 2014. Available at: Accessed 6/24/14.


Relman, David A., Eileen R. Choffnes, and Alison Mack, 2010, Infectious Disease Movement in a Borderless World: Workshop Summary. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press.


Ross, Philip E., 2011, When will we have unmanned commercial airliners?  IEEE Spectrum, 29 Nov 2011. Available at: Accessed 6/21/14.


Samarth, Nitin, 1999, The incredible shrinking computer. Penn State News. Available at: Accessed 6/21/14.


Saraswat, Krishna, 2010, Trends in  integrated circuits technology. Stanford University, EE311/Trends. Available at: Accessed 6/22/14.


Shurkin, Joel, Broken Genius: The Rise and Fall of William Shockley, Creator of the Electronic Age. London: Macmillan, 2006.


Sica, Edgardo, 2007, International tourism: a driving force for economic growth of Commonwealth countries. The Commonwealth Finance Ministers Meeting 2007.

Available at: Accessed 6/25/14


Swade, Doron D., 2005, The Construction of Charles Babbage’s Difference Engine No. 2. IEEE Annals of the History of Computing, July-September 2005, pp. 70-88.


United Nations, Department of Economic and Social Affairs, Population Division, 2013, Net international migration. International Migration Report 2013, pp. 11-17. Available at: Accessed 6/20/14.


Van Derbeken, Jaxton, Demian Bulwa, and Erin Allday, 2103, SF plane crash: Crew tried to abort landing. San Francisco Chronicle, July 8, 2013. Available at:

Accessed 6/24/14.


Weik, M. H., ed., "Computers with names starting with E through H," A Survey of Domestic Electronic Digital Computing Systems. U.S. Department of Commerce, Office of Technical Services, 1955. Available at: Accessed 6/15/14.